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Q and A, Essay Writing

Question-answer on Essay Writing

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conclusion a number of thoughts set out in a coherent form («dictionary of the Russian language» Ozhegova S. I.);

one of the three elements of the composition, defined as the deployment of thoughts in a certain pattern; evidence-based development of some abstract provisions to the extent of his apparent clarity («the Literary encyclopedia»);

functional-semantic type of speech that performs a specific communicative task – to make the conversation argumentative in nature (a logical way to come to a new judgment, or to argue earlier) and executed with the help of lexico-grammatical means of causal semantics («Stylistic encyclopedic dictionary of Russian language»).

So, the argument is the thoughts in compliance with logic, supported by evidence, related by a chain of arguments and develops into compelling insights.

The reasoning identifies and describes the causes and relationship of any phenomena. At the beginning, usually placed thesis – a statement the truth of which must be proved by means of arguments are strong and convincing arguments. The composition may be based on reasoning-a claims (proves the validity of the proposed thesis) and reasoning-rebuttal (to prove the falsity of extended guideline). Writing the opportunity to use not only straight facts, but sometimes the evidence to the contrary. Building evidence, the author of the essay may rely on personal experience, newspaper and magazine publications, films, examples from life and literature.

Before you start working on your essay, you need to clearly formulate the idea that you need to prove. Then, on the basis of assertion that requires argumentation, a plan for future creative work.

Scheme of work-reasoning

  1. Entry.
  2. Thesis.
  3. Conclusion.

Membership in the essay-the argument is a small introduction to the topic. It can be formulated as a question or include a quote. Proposed thesis will be a starting point for future discussions, and most of the works will be the argument – not less than 2/3 of the total text. It is believed that the optimal number of arguments for writing-arguments – three.

In the role argument can be:

  • historical facts;
  • statistics;
  • Proverbs and sayings, aphorisms;
  • The most convincing, in Your opinion, the argument is best placed last.

To adduce arguments in proof of their position with the following words and word combinations:

  • Refer to (the fact, the memories of someone, scientific data…)
  • Enough to give you an example…
  • Confirmation of the above is the following fact…
  • Let me give you another example to prove my point …
  • This is easily seen by turning to…
  • For example…
  • Let’s say…

The following table of «Stylistic vocabulary of the Russian language» can be seen and other lexical tools, suitable for various kinds of reasoning.

The conclusion completes your essay. It needs to be compelling, since the conclusion, and the result, the consequence of your reasoning. It almost duplicates the thesis, but brings it to a new (deeper) level through generalizations and may forecasts. The conclusion can be formulated using the following words and expressions: so, summarizing, therefore, based on our reasoning, therefore…

Essay-argument will be more persuasive under the following conditions:

  • the main thesis fits the essay topic,
  • selected evidence of sufficient weight,
  • insights clearly articulated.
  • Form of output (in particular, evidence) is correct, if it is not broken no rule of logic.

The materials used in the preparation of the column:

  • Aliyev Learn to talk [Text] school essay and challenges of writing / Heydar Aliyev Primary school, ADJ. to gas. «The first St.». – 2001. – � 30.
  • Litewska E. I., Bagryantseva, V. A. Methodology of teaching Russian language in secondary school: a textbook for students of higher educational institutions / Under the editorship of E. I. Litnevsky. — M.: Academic project, 2006. — 590 p.

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